According to the latest estimates of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP), 32% of the world’s population – 2.4 billion people – lacked improved sanitation facilities, and 663 million people still used unimproved drinking water sources in 2015. Inadequate access to safe water and sanitation services, coupled with poor hygiene practices, kills and sickens thousands of children every day and leads to impoverishment and diminished opportunities for thousands more.
Although Uganda has made improvements in access to safe water over the last few years, there is a considerable number of people that lack access to an improved water source especially in rural areas. Uganda’s large youthful population and high fertility rate is expected to strain the provision of basic services, such as water. The national water coverage is 64% and the sanitation coverage is 74.6%. It is estimated that 15% of water points are non-functional in Uganda (MWE, 2014). Each bore hole cost approximately USD: 8,000, representing a significant loss of investment.
The demands on resources to maintain these hard fought for gains are being seriously challenged and there is an increasing imperative to use local resources more effectively, which requires that such investments should be demand driven and where communities understand their responsibilities for basic services.
Water and sanitation facilities in Uganda’s schools remain badly underfunded, inadequate and under-maintained, leading to many detrimental impacts on the ability of children to stay in schools and lift themselves out of poverty. In Uganda, sanitation coverage at schools has actually decreased over the recent years, as demonstrated by the decrease in the pupil to latrine stance (cubicle) ratio from 57:1 in 2004/05 to 70:1 in 2013/14. In addition hand washing in schools is still very low, 38% in 2013/2014
MUCOBADI will contribute to reduction in morbidity and mortality rates associated with water related diseases through Sustainable WASH services. MUCOBADI will address the ‘three prongs’ of WASH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene) as an integrated programme and in collaboration with other partners.
Interventions will be designed and selected so that they are appropriate to the specific circumstances of the people (particularly the most vulnerable) and the location. The programs will not only address existing needs of communities, but also be designed to reduce the vulnerability of communities to future hazards while addressing immediate water, sanitation and hygiene needs of the populations in a sustainable way through strengthening capacities, encouraging positive attitudes and behaviour change at the community and strengthening capacities at the district levels to support operation and maintenance of WASH services.
Both community led approaches like CLTS, DRA and market based approaches (Market Driven Public Private Partnership Approach for O&M, sanitation marketing) will be used to ensure improvement in the quality of life of the most vulnerable. The focus will on be on increasing access to quality water, sanitation and hygiene among vulnerable communities.
To improve access to clean, safe and sustainable water supply for domestic purposes in the most affected selected communities.
- Provide safe and clean water to the selected vulnerable communities and institutions using demand driven approaches like Demand Responsive Approach (DRA).
- Increase the capacity of local communities and institutions to operate, maintain and develop communal WASH resources through Water User Committees.
- Promote sustainable operation and maintenance of water sources through market driven public private partnership approach for O&M
To improve the sanitation practices among the most vulnerable using integrated approaches.
- Support Sanitation promotion using the CLTS and sanitation marketing methodologies in the selected vulnerable communities
- Promote institutional sanitation using the DRA in selected communities
To improve the hygiene practices of the most vulnerable through sustainable approaches.
- Promote hygiene practices in selected communities using barrier analysis and triggering for hand washing.
- Promote hygiene practices in selected schools by implementing Child Hygiene and Sanitation Training (CHAST)